M. Weber focused on individuals and models and rules of conduct.
The same practice exists in the United States.
In conclusion, we can say that the most suitable for Ukraine is the latest model of rural management. It should be based not on the sectoral but on the territorial principle. At the national level, it is advisable to establish a central body for the management of rural areas. At the regional and district levels, management functions should be performed by specialists directly subordinate to the central body.
RegionThe local executive bodies exercise control over the local representative offices of the said executive body only in the part of their observance of the legislation of Ukraine in the respective territory. Bodies of rural territorial communities, which represent their common interests, are formed only at the district level. District executive bodies in this area of management do not require significant changes.
Further improvement of the functioning of public authorities, local governments, business structures, public organizations, in our opinion, should be directed in the following directions:
strengthening the role of territorial communities in the socio-political life of the village, which will simultaneously promote the increase of self-governing principles at the district and regional levels of rural management; improving the economic and financial base of local self-primarily government through the activation of the private sector of the economy; development of conceptual bases of local policy; improving legislation through a clearer delineation of the powers of the executive and local governments; creating conditions for filling local budgets as an important factor in the social and political structuring of rural society, political activity of self-organization of the population.
Constitution of Ukraine: Adopted at the fifth session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996 – Kyiv: Prosvita, 1996 .– 80p. Law of Ukraine “On Local Self-Government in Ukraine” of May 21, 1997 // Territorial Organization of Power in Ukraine: status and powers of local executive bodies and local governments / For general. ed. AP Hare. – Kyiv: VD “In Jure” 2002. – P. 57-107. Law of Ukraine “On Local State Administrations” of April 9, 1999 // Official Gazette of Ukraine. – 1999. –№18. – P. 3-22. Law of Ukraine “On bodies of self-organization of the population” of July 11, 2001 // Territorial organization of power in Ukraine: status and powers of local executive bodies and local governments / For the general. ed. AP Hare. – Kyiv: VD “In Jure” 2002. – P. 107-118. The concept of Administrative Reform in Ukraine. Approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine of July 22, 1998 – K.: Without publication, 1998. – 61p. Volovodova E., Kasperovich A. On the sociocultural specifics of the subjectivity of the territorial community: organizational aspect // Sociology : theory, methods, marketing. – 2004. – No. 1. – P. 103-119. Public administration: basics of theory and organization. Student / Ed. VA Kozbanenko. – M.: “Charter” 2000. – 912p. Public administration in Ukraine: organizational – legal principles: Textbook. way. / NR Nyzhnyk, SD Dubenko, VI Melnichenko and others; For the general ed. prof. N. R. Nizhnik. – K.: UADU Publishing House, 2002 .– 164p. Oratiy MK, Kalayanov MM Statute of rural territorial community as a basis of self-government // Economics of agro-industrial complex. – 2001. – No. 7. – P. 109-113. Pavlov O. State strategy of rural development // Effectiveness of public administration. Collection of scientific works of the Lviv Regional Institute of Public Administration of the National Academy of Public Administration under the President of Ukraine / For the general. ed. A. O. Chemeris. – Lviv: LRIDU NADU, 2005. – Issue. 8. – P. 287–293. Pavlov O. Optimization of the system of management of rural territories at the local level // Actual problems of public administration: Coll. Sciences etc. // Editor.: SM Seryogin (ed.) And others. – Dnipropetrovsk: DRIDU NADU, 2005. – Issue. 4 (22). – P. 261–270. Pavlov O. Management of rural territories at the regional level // Legal Bulletin. – 2005. – No. 3. – P. 81–86. About the statement of “Methodical recommendations concerning formation of regional strategies of development”. Order of the Ministry of Economy and European Integration of Ukraine of July 29, 2002. – K.: Without publication, 2002. – 19p. Tsvetkova GA Local government and problems of local communities // Socis. – 2002. – No. 2. – P. 39–41. Yarosh NP Powers of public administration bodies and local self-government bodies in the introduction of state social norms on health care // Actual problems of public administration: Collection of scientific works. – H.: HarRI NAPA “Master” 2004. – No. 2 (20): In 2 parts – Part 1 – P. 93-98.
Regional development: the role of social capital. Abstract
In the new conditions, the formation of social capital becomes a priority of social development, and traditional factors related to material resources, land, advanced technologies and material capital, recede into the background. In the era of globalization, social capital determines the status of the state in the international arena
The current socio-economic situation in the world, with all the inter-country differences and peculiarities, allows us to identify a number of problems and tasks, the solution of which is extremely acute on the agenda. Governments, like non-governmental organizations, seek high and sustainable economic growth, but usually see different ways to achieve it.
Concerns of progressive humanity are caused by the negative impact of industrial development on the natural and social environment, poverty, social inequality and, as a consequence, – lower quality of life, deteriorating health and insufficient satisfaction of basic social needs and interests of various social groups.
Under these conditions, the problem of resource provision of social, in particular regional development is becoming more and more relevant. And it is not so much about financial and logistical resources, but about the types of resources that are associated with people (intellectual, spiritual, organizational), and relations between them (conflicts, good neighborliness, trust).
All these factors are combined into such a relatively new concept for modern researchers and managers as social capital, which, on the one hand, is essentially an integral indicator of social development, on the other – one of the main factors influencing this development.
In the new conditions, the formation of social capital becomes a priority of social development, and traditional factors related to material resources, land, advanced technologies and material capital, recede into the background. In the era of globalization, social capital determines the status of the state in the international arena.
The idea of social capital was laid down in the works of A. de Tocqueville (1835), who wrote: “Americans oppose individualism through a principled interest” which is that “they self-satisfiedly show how basic self-care constantly pushes them to help to each other and forces them to voluntarily donate part of their time and property for the benefit of the States. “
E. Durkheim (1893) considered a society consisting of “bodies” (social facts), or social structures that perform a number of functions for society . M. Weber focused on individuals and models and rules of conduct. M. Weber was interested in actions that involved mental processes (and ended in a meaningless result) between the emergence of a stimulus and the reaction to it.
The first known mention of “social capital” in the modern sense was associated with education and the local community and belongs to L. Hanifan . Since then, social capital has been studied by J. Jacobs (1961) , where social capital was defined as a network of neighborly relations; J. Passeron (1970)  and P. Bourdieu (1979) , who used a very similar concept of “cultural capital”. J. Laurie (1987)  in the study of the labor market; J. Coleman (1988) , who emphasized the complementarity of human and social capital; R. Putnam (1993)  and F. Fukuyama (1995) , who applied the concept at the level of the state and the region, and R. Putnam emphasized the role of public involvement in the development of democracy and social unity; J. Dewey in his conception of social pragmatism .
Among the Russian scientists working on the https://123helpme.me/write-my-lab-report/ problem of social capital are O. Vladimirov, V. Gassi, J. Diskin, S. Dolutska, V. Radaev, A. Tumasyan, P. Shikhirev, and others. Unfortunately, the problem of social capital has not yet received adequate attention from Ukrainian scholars. Is it possible to imagine the work of H. Khachaturian, devoted to the analysis of the role of human resources in the development of the innovative potential of domestic public administration. Thus, the concept of social capital is relatively new in modern sociological science.
As the concept of social capital, as world experience shows, is key to many areas of socio-economic development, but it has not yet become a recognized tool of scientific and managerial practice in the public administration of Ukraine, the purpose of this article is to fill gaps in this area. In particular, the task is to master the conceptual apparatus, construct a research tradition in the field of social capital, and an attempt is made to link the solution of these problems with the resources of regional development.
New approaches to overcoming these problems are based on the reassessment of socio-economic values that has taken place in many countries in recent years, along with changes in political and socio-economic realities. Studies show that after reaching a certain level of per capita income, the rate of further growth of this welfare with increasing income subjectively begins to decrease .
Therefore, the guidelines of social policy should be not so much money income as the provision of those resources that allow a person to change the quality of his life. And this is integral to meeting the needs and interests of the population .
Under these conditions, there is usually a shift of needs and interests towards the growth of the importance of higher social needs of man, such as the desire for love, respect, self-expression, a sense of spiritual freedom.